An emergency fund is a stash of money set aside to deal with unexpected expenses or crisis such as a major car or home repair, medical bills and ultimately the biggest of all losing your job.
This fund will see you ride through the difficulties with the crisis turning into a disaster. Having an emergency fund should prevent you from having to take on debt, sell assets or spiral into further financial difficulties because you have access to cash quickly.
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Do I really need an emergency fund?
The short answer is yes. Yes, you really do. If you get to the point when you think nothing can do wrong is likely the time when you are most vulnerable to a shock.
An emergency fund is for WHEN things go wrong and not IF. If so far, nothing has gone wrong for you; then it probably means you are fortunate or not that old yet.
Unfortunately, there is always something that can go wrong with you’re or a friends/family members car, home, health or employment that means cash flow is severely interrupted or needed right now.
Is Emergency Fund the same as savings?
No, it’s not. An emergency fund is a significant stash of cash that you set aside away from your day to day savings.
Your savings are for every day, monthly and yearly spending needs, like gifts, eating out, holidays and new purchases.
Your emergency fund is only for when something goes wrong, and you need cash asap to put it right or lessen the damage.
What are examples of emergency expenses?
Of course, some are experienced by many of us.
- The car breaks down and needs an expensive repair.
- The car breaks down and needs to be replaced.
- An emergency medical procedure that can’t wait
- Major home repairs, boiler breaks, flooding, fire
- An emergency for a family or friend that requires you to travel a short notice
- You lose your job, your job or manager changes meaning you want to leave
- You get fined for something or other
- The taxman or woman comes calling
- A global pandemic closes down nearly every business for 2-3 months (yeah right!)
How much money should you have in an emergency fund?
Most people recommend 3-6 months costs. This would be all the costs you need to live for 3-6 months saved up in cash somewhere easy to access.
Why 3-6 months? Well, this is often seen as enough money to ride out a significant shock like losing a job. In regular times depending on your sector, it may take 3-6 months to find another job. Write applications, undertake one or more rounds of interviews, and then be appointed.
Whether it’s a job loss or not 3-6 months is also a fair amount of time to recover from and or replace whatever went wrong.
The above amount of emergency cash will also be a factor of your risk appetite. Do you have many income sources, insurances in place and friends and family you would rely on in difficulties? If so, maybe a smaller fund might be ok.
The bigger, the better, but not too big. 6-12 months expenses could see you ride out most financial emergencies and help you sleep very well at night.
But to much cash can be a drag on your wealth plan if most of your assets are in cash. The impact of inflation over time will erode the value of your cash, so a good balance between immediate, midterm and long-term cash needs will need to be factored into your planning.
The balance between cash, stocks and shares, property and other investments will need to be factored into your emergency fund size calculations.
Where should I keep my emergency fund?
Your emergency fund should be kept somewhere close and easy to access but not too easy.
It should be kept in an easy-access account. Ideally, with some level of interest. But this is not the goal of the emergency fund. It’s supposed to get you out of a potential financial nightmare and not necessarily earn you a tidy income. But it would be nice.
It should be easy to access in 24-48 hours, in case you need the money fast.
But it shouldn’t be to easy to access, i.e. in your house or back pocket. For security reasons, you wouldn’t want that amount of cash to go walking. You also wouldn’t want it that easy to hand as the risk is everything will become an emergency. The Uber driver is here, and the pizza delivery is here, oh I forgot to get cash out so its an “emergency”. Let us access the emergency fund!
When you need to access the emergency fund, you want it to be full and not just find a stash of IOU’s.
When should an emergency fund not be used?
If it’s not an emergency but just a want then you should not use it. It should only be used when or if your life is or is about to be severely disrupted by a financial shock.
- Holidays are not an emergency
- Christmas and birthdays are not emergencies (you knew they were coming)
- The latest gadget is not an emergency
- Your new money-making idea is not an emergency
- Anything that is an inconvenience but more down to poor planning than an emergency.
Can I use a credit card for emergencies?
This is most likely a bad idea. Using a credit card is like getting out a loan for an emergency. The next month the credit card company are going to want you to start repaying it. If you don’t pay in full, you will need to start making minimum payments at very high-interest rates.
Using a credit card could end up getting you into more and more trouble/debt. If you end up struggling to repay the money, it could mean the emergency ends up costing you much more than first thought.
Better to use your emergency fund and own no one any money. Other than to rebuild the emergency fund asap.
Hope for the best plan for the worst
- Decide how much you need. Is it 3-6 months or more? What amount of cash would help you sleep at night no matter what happened in the economy and specifically in your personal economy?
- Decide when it will, and won’t be used. Be very clear with yourself and any significant other what is an emergency and what is just an inconvenience. This will spare the arguments later and the urge to burn through the emergency fund for non-emergency things.
- Keep it topped up. If you do need to access it, top it back up straight away. Act like its an emergency again and refill the fund.
- Don’t be tempted to use it even if nothing happens. Maybe years go by, and you think ah maybe ai can just dip into it because nothing has happened so far. This is like the builders of the Titanic saying they didn’t need as many lifeboats as the ship was unsinkable. How did that turn out? Not so good.
- Start saving for it now. Tomorrow might be too late.
5 quick ways to start your emergency fund today.
Having an emergency fund is an emergency; you need one. Act like its an emergency, and you will get it done asap.
- Automate your savings to start putting aside as much as you can towards your emergency fund right now and regularly until you have reached your target.
- Review your spending where you might be able to cut something out, reduce it or find a cheaper source, i.e. shopping at cheaper shops.
- Sell something. Take a look through your cupboards and loft to see is there anything you could sell on Amazon or eBay? Could you do a car boot sale?
- Find some extra work. Could you do more hours or a side hustle to earn some more income? Could you do some odd jobs around your neighbourhood for cash?
- Put aside any windfalls or pay rises you receive until the emergency fund is built. Pretend you never received it and stash it away.
What do you do after an emergency fund?
After you have reached your ideal emergency fund size, then you can look at some more midterm and long-term goals.
- Set up saving funds for short term expenses 1 – 5 years out. At the same time, set up a savings fund for midterm goals 5-10 years away.
- Think about the longterm outcome you would like, especially when you would like paid work to become optional or some form of retirement. When, where and how would you like to live in the long term? Think about your ideal lifestyle and what it might cost.
- What’s your plan for the debt you might have? How and when might you be able to pay it off?
- Don’t forget to think about some of the fun and crazy things you would like to do on the way, i.e. sky diving, travelling through Latin America or that road trip to Australia (or to Europe if you already live in Australia)
How have you set up your emergency fund? Please add in the comment below.
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